Georgia's Kosher Food Labeling Act mandates that any food sold as kosher in the state of Georgia must meet the Orthodox Hebrew religious rules and requirements. The ACLU of Georgia challenged the constitutionality of this statute in 2009 on behalf of Shalom Lewis, rabbi of Congregation Etz Chaim in Cobb county who, as a conservative Jew, is unable to fulfill his rabbinical duties to supervise food establishments because his theological interpretation of the kosher laws differs from that of Orthodox Judaism. Rabbi Lewis is forced to choose between abiding by state law and practicing his religion according to his beliefs. Non-Orthodox rabbis in Georgia must make the moral and ethical decision to risk legal prosecution in order to fulfill their rabbinical duties.

The Kosher Food Labeling Act violates the religious liberty guarantees of both the U.S. and Georgia Constitutions by endorsing only "Orthodox Hebrew religious rules and requirements" and criminalizing the practices of the many people across the state who, while seeking kosher products, subscribe to interpretations of kosher that differ from those of Orthodox Jews. Changes to Georgia's Kosher Food laws enacted during the 2010 session of the Georgia General Assembly resolved the religious freedom issues raised in the lawsuit and the case was voluntarily dismissed.

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